Security dominates EU talks in Central Asia

Posted: 11/27/12 at 9:20 am EST

BISHKEK, Kyrgyzstan (AP) -- Security issues dominated talks between the European Union's top envoy and Central Asian diplomats Tuesday as the looming withdrawal of the international military coalition from Afghanistan raises the specter of regional instability.

EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said after a meeting with regional foreign ministers in Kyrgyzstan, host of a vital U.S. air base, that Europe's growing interest in Central Asia was based on shared security challenges.

"In this region, we face increasing and new challenges. We talked about developments in Afghanistan and the importance of the future of that country," Ashton said.

Ashton said she wanted to see deeper cooperation on energy and trade with Europe, but avoided addressing what advocacy groups say are worsening political freedoms in Central Asia.

"We want to support you on the efforts that you're making on political and economic reform, so that we can unlock the potential in the relationship between us," Ashton said.

Ashton will also visit Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan over the coming week.

All these countries have expressed anxiety about the potential for spillover from unrest in Afghanistan after the U.S. drawdown in 2014.

Another threat to the stability of the region discussed Tuesday was the rivalry over water resources between Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, which has tested relations among the mainly Muslim former Soviet states to breaking point.

Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan's hopes of developing hydropower are resisted by Uzbekistan, a populous nation of almost 30 million that sees the creation of dams as a threat to its substantial agricultural industry.

"The promotion of long-term solutions to water and (renewable energy) is of great importance to you and this region," Ashton said.

Ashton deflected suggestions that the EU is prioritizing security and economic cooperation with Central Asian over human rights.

"The critical nature of how we talk about human rights is that it is not just a dialogue that consists of itself, but it is also part of everything we talk about," Ashton said.

Ashton said issues discussed Tuesday included freedom of the Internet, the role of women, and the development of parliamentary models in a region dominated by Soviet-style hardliners.

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